## What is the frequency deviation for a 12.21 MHz reactance modulated oscillator in a 5 kHz deviation, 146.52MHz FM phone transmitter? [G8B07]

A. 101.75 Hz

B. 416.7 Hz

C. 5 kHz

D. 60 kHz

Whoa, what? Guess what, dust off that calculator, because here’s where it starts to get mathy. This question is also terribly worded.

What we’re looking for is the oscillator deviation. The formula to calculate this is:

Simplified, it becomes this:

If we plug in our numbers, like so, don’t forget to use consistent units, so we must turn our 5kHz into .005MHz.

Solving…

MHz, or 416.7 Hz, after we move the decimal six (mega!) places.

So our answer is **B. 416.7 Hz**

Now, mathematically you could think of this as a ratio between the oscillator and transmitter deviations and frequencies. The equation for that looks like this, and winds up the same when you solve it….

Thanks! Confusing one, calculated it wrong before.

This is good – except it requires the fundamental architectural assumption the radio is FM only, and uses frequency multiplication.

A multimode radio might well not use a frequency multiplier pathway (i.e, DSP

FM created at low IF & then heterodyned upward to oper. frequency) because heterodyning used for other modulation forms and “why have another path”.

73 de Bill N6AOT